May 4, 2020

Vitamins in the Mediterranean Diet

Healthy mind and body

The Mediterranean diet is much more than a simple nutritional guideline, as it’s also a balanced lifestyle that includes recipes, ways of cooking, customs, physical exercise and a climate with numerous health benefits. In addition to virgin olive oil, this diet is based on fresh produce such as citrus fruits (oranges and lemons), vegetables and leafy greens. All these products are rich in vitamins.


Fat-soluble vitamins

Virgin olive oil is rich in Vitamins A, D, E and K. These favour the absorption of minerals such as calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and zinc, which help maintain bones, tissue, eyesight and the immune system.

+ Vitamin A regulates the production of fat, which lubricates and protects the skin. It also plays a role in a multitude of functions, such as eyesight, reproduction and nourishment.

+ Vitamin E is a natural antioxidant which, along with selenium, maintains cell membrane structure. It protects against ultraviolet radiation and environmental pollutants.

+ Vitamin D is key for the metabolism of calcium and phosphorus, as well as for proper growth and normal development.

+ Vitamin K is important for the synthesis of clotting factors. It’s found in leafy green plants, such as spinach, cabbage, and collard.

Thanks to its high levels of fat-soluble vitamins and other compounds, we can definitely say that olive oil is one of the most beneficial products for our health and for our dogs’ health.

Olive oil is very rich in essential fatty acids (EFAs). These acids are important because the body cannot produce them,so they need to come from food. EFAs have important metabolic functions and are vital for the transport of fat-soluble vitamins such as A or E.


Water-soluble vitamins

Citrus fruits (oranges and lemons) are an important source of Vitamin C and polyphenols with high antioxidant properties. These compounds provide antimicrobial power that effectively fights infection and boosts the immune system. Therefore, they help increase our pets’ natural defences, thereby preventing infections and respiratory problems. What’s more, they contain hesperidin, a highly effective flavonoid that fights and helps removebuild-ups of fat in the arteries.

B vitamins (B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B8, B9 and B12) act together as enzymatic components and cofactors in metabolic processes that allow the body to keep up energy levels. What’s more, they play a role in eyesight, the synthesis of haemoglobin, the maintenance of skin and fur, the correct functioning of their digestive system and a long list of other vital functions.

The regular intake of a diet rich in vitamins, such as the Mediterranean diet, prolongs life, improves intestinal health, prevents arthritis and neurodegenerative diseases, reduces cholesterol and prevents heart disease. A whole world of benefits.

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